By M.C. Ricklefs
Well-known because the so much authoritative basic account of Indonesia, the world's fourth such a lot populous country, from the arrival of Islam c.1200 to at the present time, this booklet covers the wealthy background of the Indonesian archipelago with a spotlight on indigenous affairs. Merle Ricklefs poses the query of ways assorted yet comparable linguistic and ethnic groups got here to shape the unitary Republic of Indonesia, and sheds vital mild at the crises and demanding situations dealing with this massive country. For this 3rd version, Ricklefs has further chapters at the Soeharto interval after 1975, on Indonesia because Soeharto, and on western Indonesia within the seventeenth and 18th centuries. different revisions are chanced on in the course of the e-book, and the bibliography has been completely up to date.
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Additional resources for A History of Modern Indonesia Since c.1200
Johns is the main supporter of this argument, and he points out that the Islamisation of Indonesia coincided with the period when Sufism came to dominate the Islamic world, after the fall of Baghdad to the Mongols in 1258. He sees the Sufis, of all nationalities, as travelling to Indonesia aboard trading ships and there successfully propagating their more eclectic and less austere version of the faith. Although this view has much logical force, it does lack evidence, for no organised Sufi brotherhood is documented in Indonesia from this early period.
1400. There he found a good port, accessible in all seasons and on the narrowest part of the Straits. With allies from the sea-people (orang laut), the wandering proto-Malay privateers of the Straits, he proceeded to establish Malacca as a major international port by compelling passing ships to call there, and establishing fair and reliable facilities for warehousing and trade. Malacca was probably the purest example of an Indonesian entrepôt state, for it had no significant products of its own; indeed, it had to import food to feed its populace.
The outer islands had few long-distance roads like those in Java to assist internal communication. Some rivers led into the hinterlands of these states, but navigation upstream was of course less attractive than sailing outwards to the sea. It will be seen in Chapter 4, for instance, that as Aceh expanded its power down the east coast of Sumatra, its main competitor was not another Sumatran state but Johor, across the Straits of Malacca. Similarly, South Kalimantan states had less to do with the vast interior of that island than with the ports of North Java.
A History of Modern Indonesia Since c.1200 by M.C. Ricklefs