By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard, Norman P. Zacour
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the heritage, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.
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Additional resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume VI: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe
In 1467, the able Ak Koyunlu leader Uzun Hasan destroyed the rival Kara Koyunlu federation and eventually extended his power over most of Kurdistan. ” He made his new capital in Tabriz in what is now Iran. In 1502, after Uzun Hasan’s death, the Iranian Safavid leader Ismail destroyed the Ak Koyunlu and proclaimed himself shah. AK PARTISI (AKP). The AKP (Justice and Development Party) is a moderate Islamist party formed in Turkey in 2001 after a previous Islamist party (the Fazilet or Virtue Party) had been banned.
Similar hopes have yet to materialize for Turkish Kurdistan, however, despite the Guneydogu Anadolu Projesi (GAP), or Southeast Anatolia Project, for harnessing the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers through the construction of gigantic dams. The Turkish, Iranian, and Syrian portions of Kurdistan still lag greatly behind economically. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The origin of the Kurds is uncertain, although some scholars believe them to be the descendants of various Indo-European tribes that settled in the area as many as 4,000 years ago.
Socalled national sections of the party ruled in Iraq and Syria until the United States removed Saddam Hussein from power in April 2003, but the two sections were embittered enemies. The Baath Party came to power in Iraq for nine months in 1963, when it helped to overthrow Abdul Karim Kassem. It resumed power in July 1968 and held it until April 2003. Saddam Hussein increasingly began to wield power and became the party’s leader by 1979. The party’s fortunes effectively became those of him and Iraq.
A History of the Crusades, Volume VI: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard, Norman P. Zacour