By Anna Contadini
The Kitāb Naʿt al-Ḥayawān is the earliest of a gaggle of illustrated manuscripts facing the features of animals and their medicinal makes use of. the current examine considers either the confluence of textual traditions inside this paintings and the stylistic and iconographic relationships of its illustrations, which make it a key witness to early thirteenth-century Arab portray. After a re-examination of past ways, emphasis is put on touching on snapshot to textual content, on stylistic affiliations, and at the modalities of creation, supported by means of technical analyses undertaken for the 1st time. In elucidating the actual context of this detailed manuscript, the examine contributes to our figuring out of a serious interval within the improvement of center jap portray and artwork.
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Additional resources for A World of Beasts: A Thirteenth-Century Illustrated Arabic Book on Animals (the Kitāb Na‘t al-Ḥayawān) in the Ibn Bakhtīshū‘ Tradition
1r (2r), which call it kitāb naʿt al-ḥ ayawān, and the same wording appears in the interpolated folio 124r–v (94r–v) but there is no guarantee that it is an exact copy of the original title. In other works, as might be expected, the term manāfiʿ is associated with the Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ tradition, and naʿt with material of Aristotelian (or, to stress the point once more, pseudo-Aristotelian) provenance. 15 It 12 See Amedroz 1903; also Minorsky 1949. This would contradict Meyerhof ’s identification (Meyerhof 1928b, p.
Fol. 139v), and then on fols. 251r–252r (= Esc. fols. 139v–140v), where the text on the Scorpion begins and continues until 252v, where it breaks off. In the Escorial the corresponding point occurs on fol. 141r, with the remainder of the account of the Scorpion continuing until fol. 141v, followed by the Beetles and the ʿaḍāh16 wa-’l-wazagh, the Wall Gecko. In the Naʿt we find the latter part of the usefulness of the Wall Gecko beginning at fol. 249r (= Esc. fol. 142v), followed by the Green Lizard ʿaḍāya,17 and continuing until fol.
Be in the section of Wild Quadrupeds, instead of being among the Birds. Then the text goes back to the (mutilated) chapter of the Dog, as the other texts of the same tradition confirm (see Escorial fols. 47v, 49v, 50r for the sequence Bear, Leopard, Dog). The Naʿt section of the Dog is not to be found in any other part of the manuscript. It is therefore quite obvious that at least one folio is missing, containing the further material on the Leopard, including the whole usefulness section, and the beginning of the Dog.
A World of Beasts: A Thirteenth-Century Illustrated Arabic Book on Animals (the Kitāb Na‘t al-Ḥayawān) in the Ibn Bakhtīshū‘ Tradition by Anna Contadini