By By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee
This publication tells the tale of ways Shari'ati constructed a language of political Islam, talking in an idiom intelligible to the Iranian public and subverting the Shah's regime and its declare to legitimacy.
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Additional resources for ‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran
Yet from mid-1977 to early 1979, the opposition held fast, forcing the Shah to abdicate on January 16, 1979—heralding the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Quite apart from the success in ousting an apparently invincible ruler, the significance of the revolution lay in the Islamic color it had come to attain. This caused considerable surprise not only in the outside world, but also among a large segment of Iranians themselves. For, despite the continued and visible presence of the Shi’i ‘ulema in Iranian society, Pahlavi Iran had developed such a powerful drive for secularization that its Islamic component frequently receded from the radar of observers.
Graduates from this educational apparatus mostly joined government service as office workers, administrators, skilled technicians, lawyers, doctors, and academics. 35 * * * The Pahlavi regime received widespread support in its bid to centralize authority by disarming and forcibly settling the various tribes, strengthening Iran’s armed forces, pursuing railway construction, and to an extent, even in its attempts to eliminate all distinctive communitarian affiliation in public life. The regime focused on the creation of one nation out of Iran’s multiple religious, linguistic, and ethnic groups by erasing their outward distinctions.
51 As the traditionalist bazaaris, liberal nationalists, and socialists alike were favoring the nationalization program, for a brief while it seemed that the nation had indeed claimed the state for itself. Although Mosaddeq was subsequently toppled by a military coup with the backing of the CIA, along with a large part of the Shi’i ‘ulema and even some liberals, who saw in his government something like a socialist “anarchy,” the Mosaddeq era established one point beyond dispute. By nationalizing the petroleum resources of the country, Mosaddeq was staking the people’s claim on a highly remunerative national resource that the previous ruler had failed to deploy in the service of the nation.
‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran by By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee