By Charles R. McManis
How will we advertise worldwide fiscal improvement, whereas concurrently retaining neighborhood organic and cultural variety? This authoritative quantity, written via best criminal specialists and organic and social scientists from around the globe, goals to deal with this question in all of its complexity. the 1st a part of the ebook makes a speciality of biodiversity and examines what we're wasting, why and what's to be performed. the second one half addresses biotechnology and appears at if it is a part of the answer or a part of the matter, or even either. The 3rd part examines conventional wisdom, explains what it really is and the way, if in any respect, it's going to be secure. The fourth and ultimate half seems at ethnobotany and bioprospecting and provides functional classes from the immense and various studies of the participants.
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Extra info for Biodiversity and the Law: Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge
Decrease) in the face of modernization, and the factors contributing to that devolution, utilizing case studies such as the Micronesia Ethnobotany Project, the NYBG’s work with traditional healers and conservationists in Belize, and others. Dr Balick concludes this chapter by suggesting ES_BL_8-3 13/3/07 16 11:50 Page 16 BIODIVERSITY AND THE LAW some parameters for deciding what skills and data should be preserved and what allowed to go extinct, and offering some strategies for rethinking how to protect traditional knowledge.
In Chapter 6, ‘Biodiversity, Botanical Institutions and Benefit sharing: Comments on the Impact of the Convention on Biological Diversity’, Kate Davis, representing the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, in the UK, supplements the observations of Dr Miller with respect to the impact of the CBD on botanical research, but focuses more on benefits arising from basic non-commercial botanical research, rather than on those benefits arising out of natural products discovery programmes. She also discusses the role that the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, has played in developing codes of conduct best practices for botanic gardens and in shaping specific programmes pursuant to ES_BL_8-3 13/3/07 10 11:50 Page 10 BIODIVERSITY AND THE LAW the CBD, such as the Global Strategy on Plant Conservation and the Global Taxonomy Initiative.
Preliminary research indicates that the chance of gene flow from transgenic rice to wild and weedy relatives is low. The RBP has also explored the environmental impact of the use of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) as a pesticide by examining the presence of Bt in the wildlands of Costa Rica. That research, in turn, has identified bacteria in caterpillar guts (a kind of micro-ecosystem) as an interesting source of new enzymes with potential biotechnology applications. Sittenfeld concludes that lessons from the RBP indicate that it is possible to implement sound science practices in agreement with biodiversity concerns.
Biodiversity and the Law: Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge by Charles R. McManis