By Aurelio Mercado-Irizarry, Philip L. F. Liu
This publication goals to provide the general present tsunami threat within the Caribbean Sea area, a sector that is as a rule in simple terms linked to hurricanes. It firstly offers an outline of all the latest tsunami-causing elements present in the zone: earthquakes, sub-aerial and submarine landslides, and submarine explosions. this is often through box facts of contemporary and pre-historic tsunami occasions, which supplies credibility to all of this attempt. the subsequent part is an outline of the tsunami risk mitigation efforts being performed in the community and in collaboration with nationwide and overseas courses. the ultimate half is devoted to the presentation of similar contemporary learn effects.
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Extra info for Caribbean Tsunami Hazard
The outcome to be delivered by the EA will be a fully operational IAS Tsunami Warning System co-ordinated by a Technical Office located in one of the participating countries/territories and with full participation of specialized regional/sub-regional institutions and national agencies (the system members). IMPLEMENTATION Full implementation will require 3 years. The 3-year (funded) implementation phase is as follows: Year 1 is dedicated to naming an interim Director, establishing an office and expanding the educational effort beyond that.
Messages can also be sent by telephone or fax. 21 INMARSAT EMWIN (GOES) Figure 1. The proposed flow of seismic data and tsunami bulletins. Multiple TREMORS systems report the detection of large earthquakes and then the earthquake parameters to the warning centre(s) via INMARSAT. The centre(s) subsequently transmits appropriate tsunami bulletins to the San Juan Puerto Rico Weather Forecast Office for relay into the Emergency Managers Weather Information Network (EMWIN). Member States receive the bulletins via EMWIN from the GOES satellite using an inexpensive receiver and software that can be programmed to trigger an audible alarm, commercial page, or telephone call if a tsunami warning is received.
Certain submarine earthquakes, volcanic eruptions or sub-aerial and submarine landslides can generate tsunamis. In the central Lesser Antilles there have been 12 several major volcanic sector collapses in the last 10-20 thousand years, and these are potentially very efficient tsunami-generating events. To minimize 'false alarms' it must be quickly determined whether a seismic event creates a wave in the juxtaposed ocean. Seismic sea wave detection therefore requires both seismic and sea-level observations, integrated into a real-time operational telecommunications network.
Caribbean Tsunami Hazard by Aurelio Mercado-Irizarry, Philip L. F. Liu