By Richard VanNess Simmons
This quantity is an research and category of dialects alongside the Wu and Jiang-Hwai Mandarin border in China's japanese Yangtze Valley. it's the first monograph-length examine to significantly query the normal unmarried criterion of preliminary voicing for the class of Wu dialects and suggest a finished comparative framework as a extra profitable replacement. Arguing that dialect association is healthier made up our minds via research of dialect correspondence to universal phonological structures, the writer develops a taxonomic research that definitively distinguishes universal Northern Wu and Mandarin dialects. by means of clarifying dialect association within the Wu and Mandarin border area, this quantity makes major contributions to our figuring out of the real nature of the region's dialects and their history.
Using basically facts drawn from the author's personal fieldwork, the amount includes copious comparative examples and an in depth lexicon of the outdated Jintarn dialect.
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Additional resources for Chinese Dialect Classification: A Comparative Approach to Harngjou, Old Jintarn, and Common Northern Wu
11 and following, the sources for the dialect data are as follows: Charngjyh forms are from Hour Jingi (1985); Nanjing, Rugau, Nantong, Charngjou, and Charngshwu forms are from Jiangsu sheeng her Shanqhae shyhfangyan gaykuanq; Lin'an forms are from Fuh Gwotong et al. (1985) and Baw Shyhjye (1988b); Hwujou forms are from Akamatsu (1991); Sujou forms are from Yeh Shiangling (1988); Shanqhae forms are from Sherard (1982) and Sheu et al. (1988); Uenjou forms arefromNakajima (1983) and Hannyeu fangin tzyhhuey.
9) In Wu, the adverb kuay meaning "almost" can follow verbs. 10) The object is often fronted in sentences where the verb takes a complement in Wu. 11) Wu dialects preserve many "ancient" single-syllable words as [bi ] "to strop (a knife)" and [ka ] "kitchen cupboard". 2 Wu subgroups. In a comprehensive review of recent scholarship on Wu dialect geography, Yan Yihming also discusses intra-Wu classification (1994:7385). By his measure and in the consensus of current scholarship, the southwestern Jiangsu region that is the focus of this study falls into the "western area of Su-nan Wu " or the Chamgjou-sheaupiann ("Charngjou section") of the 'Layhwu-piann ("Tayhwu dialect area").
4) There are a great many words and morphemes in use across dialects that are absent from the general sources of the rime book lexicon. The approach I am advocating avoids these problems by using common dialect systems — Common Wu and Common Northern Wu— to identify Wu dialects by reference to the Wu dialects themselves and what they share in common, rather than to the outside, third-party, fragmented entity that the Chiehyunn standard represents. The approach allows us to make more unified and straightforward generalizations about the Wu dialects overall.
Chinese Dialect Classification: A Comparative Approach to Harngjou, Old Jintarn, and Common Northern Wu by Richard VanNess Simmons