By Roy D Laird
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Additional resources for Collective farming in Russia;: A political study of the Soviet kolkhozy
Therefore, in spite of the fact that the peasant uprising constituted the backbone of the whole revolutionary movement, there was no effective peasant representation at the center in either the April revolution of 1917 or the October coup d'etat. On the other hand, the very lack of peasant opposition to the Bolsheviks'" allowed those turning points to crystalize into historical fact. Defeat in the war, dislocation of the economy, death, and great hunger, when added to the previously accumulated grievances of the peasantry, left the peasant with only antipathy for any dilatory government giving evidence of appeasing the old landlords.
1 ' Professor Sering, according to Bilmarich a careful observer "of the revolutionary process in Russia," was less restrained in his observation that "according to all available information, the peasants have become 'fanatical The period of Russian history under consideration in this chapter of the study is marked by mounting political tension and unrest. The climax was reached in the multiple revolutions of 191718. Although the revolution's of 1917-18 were interdependent, at least three major revolutions occurred during this period.
179. r'i UWISMOO <>( rh, compulsory matures contemplated in thefinalmonths of 1920 sec pp. 174-79. * As has been previously noted, the policies of 19181920 had been followed by a drastic reduction in agricultural output. Therefore, the stalemate of trade between the cities and the towns only increased. Through the media of the black market the peasant achieved a near stranglehold on the economy of cities. T h e agricultural problem, while hardly the sole cause, was surely a predominant reason for taking the decision to adopt the N E P , especially in light of Lenin's later assertions.
Collective farming in Russia;: A political study of the Soviet kolkhozy by Roy D Laird