By Murray Gordon (eds.)
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S. policy of promoting stability in the region. Far more serious from the American point of view is the possibility of being drawn into a local or regional conflict. This could come about by the continuing dependence of many of these states on American civilian and military personnel in the use and maintenance of their growing arsenal of sophisticated weapons. S. Policy in Defense of the Gulf Growing United States and Western dependence on Persian Gulf and Middle East oil, and the compelling need to assure continued access to the region's vast oil reserves in an era of growing rivalry for this precious commodity, had prompted Washington to be concerned over the security of the Gulf.
Too many things have gone awry, as far as the Soviets are concerned, when Third World countries are ruled by the so-called bourgeois nationalist leaders. In some, military coups have brought less friendly leaders to power, as occurred in Algeria in the early 1960s with the overthrow af Ben Bella; not uncommonly, the Soviets have encountered setbacks when more normal means of succession are at work. Nasser's successor, Anwar 50 CONFLICT IN THE PERSIAN GULF Sadat, became a bitter foe of the Soviets, expelled Soviet advisers from Egypt and renounced the treaty of friendship linking the two countries.
S. policies in Iran undoubtedly contributed to the growth of radicalism in the country and, as a result, led to the shah's overthrow. The monarch's mismanagement of industrial development and agrarian reform, his repressive policies towards dissenters and critics, failure to respond to popular demands for democratic institutions and his grandiose military ambitions were the chief causes of his undoing. When the end came for the Pahlevi regime in January 1979, the United States, which had been closely associated with various aspects of these policies, lost out.
Conflict in the Persian Gulf by Murray Gordon (eds.)