By Jan Knippers
No matter if it's as translucent sheets, largely stretched membranes, and inflated foil cushions or in sleek, natural curves, structure at the present time is using plastics within the so much disparate kinds and for a wide selection of reasons. leading edge technical advancements are continuously bettering its fabric houses; whilst, there's a becoming new expertise of its power as a building fabric. whereas plastics was once hired basically as a cheap version on conventional construction fabrics, they're more and more looked within the development international this day as a major and doable substitute, be it as aiding constructions, roofs, facades, or components of inside layout and ornament. thank you largely to this inherent self-sufficiency, plastics are at the moment having fun with an remarkable surge in recognition, even one of the foreign architectural avant-garde as multiwall sheets or corrugated, fiber-reinforced panels, or as filling among glass panes. And the hot new release of ecological bioplastics additionally can pay tribute to the talk on sustainability, ridding plastics in their lingering acceptance as environmental offenders. From the historical past of plastics and membranes in structure to their fabric houses and necessities in building and layout, the Plastics and Membranes development guide cuts to the chase, offering the type of stable and complete review of the topic that readers have come to anticipate from the Im element sequence. chosen undertaking examples around off the reference paintings and make it imperative for the daily lifetime of the pro planner and for each structure library Ob als transluzente Platten, weit gespannte Membranen, luftgefülltes Folienkissen oder in organisch geschwungener Gestalt: In den unterschiedlichsten Formen und Anwendungsbereichen finden Kunststoffe Verwendung in der Architektur. leading edge technische Entwicklungen verbessern stetig seine Materialeigenschaften, gleic
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Extra resources for Construction Manual for Polymers + Membranes
The user must select a suitable polymer – optimised with additives if necessary – depending on the mechanical, chemical and processing requirements. It is therefore not only important to know which characteristics polymers exhibit, but also to what extent these characteristics can be varied. Our perception of polymers The sensorial qualities of a polymer determine our first impression of it. In contrast to other building materials, polymers vary considerably with respect to their look, feel or sound.
5). This effect is reversible in principle, but after repeated cycles chemical processes can take place which render the process irreversible. Inorganic special effect pigments are relatively large flakes which may even be visible to the naked eye. Their layered structure reflects the light and therefore produces a metallic effect in the colouring which changes depending on the viewing angle; glitter effects are also possible. The pigments themselves frequently consist of metal oxides, aluminium or copper.
In contrast to pigments, dyes produce a transparent colouring; the polymer itself remains as clear as glass. However, an opaque colouring is possible when combined with (white) pigments. Dyes exhibit a better heat resistance than pigments, which makes them ideal for colouring heatresistant polymers. Pigments In contrast to dyes, pigments do not dissolve in the polymer, but instead are added in the form of tiny particles, as small as possible, shaped like needles, flakes or beads. A transparent or opaque finish is possible depending on the size of the particles (Fig.
Construction Manual for Polymers + Membranes by Jan Knippers