By Lynne Flowerdew (auth.)
A serious exam of key techniques and concerns in corpus linguistics, with a selected specialize in the increasing interdisciplinary nature of the sector and the position that written and spoken corpora now play in those diverse disciplines. It additionally provides a sequence of corpus-based case reports illustrating vital issues and most sensible practices.
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A severe exam of key thoughts and concerns in corpus linguistics, with a specific concentrate on the increasing interdisciplinary nature of the sector and the position that written and spoken corpora now play in those diversified disciplines. It additionally provides a sequence of corpus-based case stories illustrating important topics and top practices.
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Extra resources for Corpora and Language Education
G. g. g. global consumer, global viewer. In common with Kjellmer (2005), Partington (2004a) views semantic prosody as more of a probabilistic phenomenon, which he discusses in relation to semantic preference. He provides corpus evidence to demonstrate that items belonging to the same semantic set may have different degrees of negative prosody: in the HAPPEN set, SET IN has the worst prosody, followed by HAPPEN, then OCCUR and TAKE PLACE, with COME ABOUT seeming to be neutral. Moreover, these shadings may differ across languages (see Xiao and McEnery (2006) for a cross-linguistic analysis of semantic prosody, drawing on data from English and Chinese).
His argument was a powerful one. Collocational variability in engineering texts, which has been extracted using the ConcGram software, is described in Warren (2010). 20 Corpora and Language Education However, as Cowie and Howarth point out, statistical measurements cannot always be used for determining collocation, especially in cases where word combinations ‘may recur only to a limited extent’. By way of illustration, Stubbs (2001a: 74–5) cites the example of a small corpus yielding the following data for the node adverb ‘distinctly’: Ͻdistinctly ϽN ϩ 1: cagey, cool, dated, dour, downbeat, iffy, inferior, meaner, muted, strange, thin, unimpressed, unwellϾ In the above case, as the adjectival collocates occurred only once each, statistical measures to determine the likelihood of co-occurrence could not be carried out.
11 Hoey’s theory of lexical priming Hoey’s theory holds that an individual attaches particular meanings to words and phrases, not just based on their intrinsic meanings or connotations, but also based on the previous contexts in which they have habitually encountered them. Priming operates at an individual level, but members of the same discourse communities will share similar primings. For example, Hoey (2005: 25–6) notes the following for the semantic associations for consequence in his corpus made up of 95 million words of Guardian news and feature text, supplemented by 3 million words from the BNC (written text) and 230,000 words of spoken data.
Corpora and Language Education by Lynne Flowerdew (auth.)