By Eric D. Weitz
Eric Weitz offers a social and political background of German communism from its beginnings on the finish of the 19th century to the cave in of the German Democratic Republic in 1990. within the first e-book in English or in German to discover this whole interval, Weitz describes the emergence of the Communist social gathering of Germany (KPD) opposed to the history of Imperial and Weimar Germany, and obviously explains how the legacy of those classes formed the nature of the GDR to the very finish of its existence.
In Weimar Germany, social democrats and Germany's outdated elites attempted frantically to self-discipline a disordered society. Their ideas drove communists out of the place of work and into the streets, the place the occasion accrued supporters in confrontations with the police, fascist firms, or even socialists and hired staff. within the streets the social gathering cast a politics of exhibit and spectacle, which inspired ideological pronouncements and cruel actual engagements instead of the mediation of useful political concerns. Male actual prowess got here to be honored because the final progressive caliber. The KPD's gendered political tradition then contributed to the intransigence that characterised the German Democratic Republic all through its heritage. The communist leaders of the GDR remained imprisoned in regulations solid within the Weimar Republic and have become tragically faraway from the needs and pursuits in their personal populace.
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Additional resources for Creating German Communism, 1890-1990
The company preserved the right unilaterally to order overtime, Sunday, and holiday work, and the much-despised extended swing shift during the weekly change of the day and night crews. Fines, a particularly blatant form of coercion much hated by workers, were carefully delineated. Workers faced wage reductions ranging from twenty pfennig to one-half the average daily pay in cases of lateness, negligent use of machinery, and disobedience toward supervisors. The ability to level fines for vaguely worded charges placed immense discretionary power in the hands of foremen and managers.
18 See the critical commentary of Hermann Weber: “Die SED und die Geschichte der Komintem: Gegensatzliche Einschatzung durch Historiker der DDR und der Sowjetunion,” DA 22:8 (1989): 890-903, and “Geschichte als Instrument der Politik: Zu den Thesen des ZK der SED ‘Zum 70. Jahrestag der Griindung der KPD,’” DA 21:7 (1988): 863-72, as well as the SED’s own “70 Jahre Kampf fiir Sozialismus und Frieden, fiir das Wohl des Volkes: Thesen des Zentralkomitees der SED zum 70. Jahrestag der Griindung der Kommunistischen Partei Deutschlands,” ND, 14 June 1988: 3-8.
24 Seidl, Streikkampfe, 29. 26 In the textile towns of Rhineland-Westphalia, company housing for women came equipped with supervisory personnel designed to ensure a “proper” moral setting. In some instances, mill owners subsidized homes supervised by religious personnel. , given a limited amount of time to wash, eat, and make their beds, and forbidden from entering their rooms during the day. m. Another home banned “indecent conversation or singing,” and reported violations of “propriety” to the firm.
Creating German Communism, 1890-1990 by Eric D. Weitz