By Jirasek M.
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Point-In-Time analyses are run for a single moment in time, while Time-step analyses are run over a time period such as a year. We live our lives as a sequence of points in time—light levels and temperatures need to meet our expectations at each of these points in time or else occupants complain or attempt to modify the building systems to restore comfort. Studying a point-in-time (PIT) is useful for peak heating and cooling loads, thermal comfort, and glare. A point-in-time (PIT) analysis can be very accurate and can be run fairly quickly.
Each case study in this book illustrates how architects have used climate data within simulations to determine or validate appropriate climate responses. Many sustainable design resources recommend strategies based on climate classification, which serves as a starting point for design. Since climate classifications are necessarily general, each potential strategy needs to be validated within a micro-climate with experience or simulation. To evaluate climateresponsive design with software, practitioners need to understand how temperature, humidity, wind, solar irradiation, and other factors can influence building design.
They need to be located in logical places, often adjacent to the system they control for ease of use or else may be ignored. On a sunny afternoon when the majority of the occupants are away, operable windows may not be opened if they are manual, resulting in increased HVAC cooling instead of natural ventilation. Manual blinds closed to block a few minutes of glare often end up blocking light and potentially desirable solar heat all day. Automated systems would retract neglected blinds when the right outdoor conditions are present.
Damage and Fracture in quasibrittle materials by Jirasek M.