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By Paul Brooker (auth.)

ISBN-10: 023037638X

ISBN-13: 9780230376380

ISBN-10: 1349393983

ISBN-13: 9781349393985

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After June 1989 there were institutional as well as propaganda moves to strengthen Party control over the People's Liberation Army. 18 The military's new, commercial perspective on what constituted its corporate interests was likely to provide new opportunities for disputes with civilians over the regime's economic policies. 19 The 1992 Party Congress also implicitly confirmed that some planned structural changes announced at the 1987 Party Congress had been abandoned. 20 Specifically, this meant phasing out the Party's 'leading groups' within state organs and removing the Party's factory committees' and secretaries' control over state enterprises.

His personal prestige and influence eventually outgrew the need for any formal authority. In the early 1980s Deng was a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo but did not hold the posts of Party Chairman or General Secretary, state Premier or President, that were normally held by the personal rulers or senior leaders of party-state dictatorships. 1 In the later 1980s he retired from his remaining posts: in 1987 from the Politburo and Central Committee, and in 1989 from the post of Chairman of the Central Military Commission.

46 ECONOMIC POLICY The regime's dramatic shift in economic policy that transformed a leftist version of orthodox Communist economy into a mixed, plan/ market and state/private economy deserves special attention for several reasons. Apart from its directly affecting nearly a billion people and transforming a largely peasant economy into a prospective economic superpower, this transformation was the earliest move to liberalise a major Communist economy and therefore had a significant 'demonstration' effect on other Communist regimes.

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Defiant Dictatorships by Paul Brooker (auth.)

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