Deontic Logic and Artificial Normative Systems: 8th - download pdf or read online

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By Lou Goble, John-Jules Ch. Meyer

ISBN-10: 3540358420

ISBN-13: 9783540358428

This e-book constitutes the refereed court cases of the eighth foreign Workshop on Deontic good judgment in machine technology, DEON 2006, held in Utrecht, Netherlands in July 2006.

The 18 revised complete papers provided including the abstracts of three invited talks have been rigorously reviewed and chosen for inclusion within the booklet. The papers are dedicated to the connection among normative strategies and laptop technology, man made intelligence, philosophy, association concept, and legislations. as well as those subject matters, unique emphasis is put on man made normative structures, their concept, specification and implementation, equivalent to digital associations, norm-regulated multi-agent platforms and synthetic agent societies generally.

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Example text

VO4 does not decide the issue: thus Hal must choose between self-interest (VO2) and being sacrificial (VO5). Neither choice will be sure to be consistent with morally correct behaviour: VO2 will be wrong in q0 and V5 will be wrong in q1 , where the sacrifice is an unnecessary waste. It is because it is unreasonable to require an agent to adopt VO5 (for Carla to expect Hal to do this would require her to adopt the selfish order VO1), that we say that it is morally excusable for Hal to take the insulin in q0 /q1 .

This solution, however, fails to account for the motivations that the agent should have to perform the action of recognizing ecological vehicles as such. Third, also a goal of the normative system is added to motivate its action: there is an agent who has the institutional power to recognize cars as ecological vehicles and the normative system has delegated it the goal that it does so in order to motivate it. In the case of obligations, beside the counts-as relation between an action of judge and the institutional fact that a violation is recognized, we have the goal that the specified behavior is considered as a violation.

Finally we return to the initial observations of Hare: is it possible to crystallise our reasoning into “not too specific and not too detailed form”? What moral principle might Hal form? First moral principles which apply to particular states would be too specific. In practice Hal would never have sufficient knowledge of his situation to know which principle to apply. On the other hand, to frame a principle to cover all four states would be arguably too general, as it would ignore pertinent information.

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Deontic Logic and Artificial Normative Systems: 8th International Workshop on Deontic Logic in Computer Science, DEON 2006, Utrecht, The Netherlands, by Lou Goble, John-Jules Ch. Meyer

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