By Claudia Ross
Modern Mandarin chinese language Grammar presents an leading edge reference advisor to Mandarin chinese language, combining conventional and function-based grammar in one volume.
The Grammar is split into elements. half A covers conventional grammatical different types resembling word order, nouns, verbs and specifiers. half B is thoroughly equipped round language capabilities and notions equivalent to:
- Communication strategies
- Making comparisons
- Giving and looking information
- Expressing apologies, regrets and sympathies
The elements of the Grammar are heavily associated by way of vast cross-references, delivering a grammatical and sensible point of view on many styles. All grammar issues and capabilities are richly illustrated with examples, with a powerful specialise in modern usage.
Main beneficial properties of the grammar comprise:
- Examples given in simplified characters, conventional characters and romanization (pinyin)
- Clear motives and available descriptions
- Particular consciousness to parts of specific hassle for freshmen of Mandarin chinese language
Implementing suggestions from clients of the 1st version of the Grammar, this moment version has been revised all through to supply elevated factors, examples, cross-referencing, and indexing and fresh chapters on point, resultative verbs, directional verbs and "ba" sentences.
This is the correct reference grammar for novices of Mandarin chinese language in any respect degrees, from hassle-free to complex. No earlier wisdom of grammatical terminology is believed and a word list of grammatical phrases is supplied. This Grammar is followed by means of the Modern Mandarin chinese language Grammar Workbook (978-0-415-83488-9; to be had for separate buy) which good points similar routines and activities.
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Extra info for Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar: A Practical Guide
Pronouns have singular and plural forms. The suffix -们/們 men is added to the singular form to make it the plural form. Gender is not reflected in the spoken language. The written language has distinctions for the second and third person pronouns, though only the third person gender distinction is commonly used. 1 The reflexive pronoun 自己 zìjH ‘self’ Mandarin has only one reflexive pronoun, and it is not marked for person or gender. To indicate person, the reflexive may optionally be preceded by the relevant personal pronoun.
2 Some additional Pinyin conventions • • • • 5 ‘u’ after the initials j, q, and x is pronounced ü but is written as u. When ‘i’ and ‘ü’ begin a syllable, they are written as yi and yu. When ‘u’ begins a syllable, it is written as wu. In two-syllable words, when the boundary between syllables is not clear from the Pinyin spelling and more than one interpretation of the boundary is possible, an apostrophe is used to separate the syllables. For example, if the second syllable begins with a vowel, an apostrophe is used: Xī’ān 西安 vs.
Nǐ chīguo Zhōngguó fàn ma? Have you eaten Chinese food before? C 17 21 5 Nouns In Mandarin, the same form of the noun is used in subject and object position. Subject Object 猫吃鱼。 貓吃魚。 Māo chī yú. Cats eat fish. (or) The cat eats fish. 我养猫。 我養貓。 Wǒ yǎng māo. I raise a cat/cats. 他学中文。 他學中文。 Tā xué Zhōngwén. He studies Chinese. 我喜欢他。 我喜歡他。 Wǒ xǐhuan tā. I like him. 2 below), Mandarin nouns are not marked for gender, and there is not the distinction between masculine, feminine, and neuter found in many European languages.
Modern Mandarin Chinese Grammar: A Practical Guide by Claudia Ross